Victorian ladies fashion is often characterized as ornate and covering the whole body. For men, it was formal and rigid.
We know from period paintings, fashion plate illustrations, and photographs that Victorians wore multiple layers of clothing, even during the summer months.
Women would often wear up to five layers—petticoats, corsets, and chemises worn under gowns, with various accessories such as shawls, gloves, and hats to complete the ensemble.
Men also had to wear several garments including wool pants, suit coats, waistcoats, ties and long sleeved shirts. Top hats were generally worn by upper class gentlemen and bowler hats by the working class.
Victorian women and men continued to wear multiple layers of clothing through the summer months, albeit often made from more lightweight fabrics.
So the big mystery is how did they keep cool?
Here are 10 ways Victorians managed to beat the heat.